A minority government, a minority cabinet or a minority parliament is a cabinet formed in a parliamentary system when a political party or coalition of parties does not have a majority of seats in Parliament.  He will take the oath with or without the formal support of other parties to enable the formation of a government. Under such a government, laws can only be passed with the support of a sufficient number of other members of the legislature to obtain a majority, which constitutes multi-party support. In two-chamber parliaments, this term refers to the situation in the House, whose confidence is seen as crucial to the sustainability of the government (usually the lower house). In most countries of the Westminster system, each constituency elects a member of Parliament by a simple majority vote. This system strongly distorts the vote on increasing the number of seats of the two main parties and reducing the number of seats of the small parties, a principle known in political science as Duverger`s law, and minority governments are therefore relatively unusual. Supporters of this system see it as one of its advantages. A party with less than 40% of the vote can often win an absolute majority of seats. (In the 2005 British general election, the ruling Labour Party won with a majority of 66 seats in the House of Commons, with only 35.2% of the vote). However, if support for certain parties is concentrated at the regional level, Duverger`s law applies separately to each region, so it is quite possible that no party in each region will be dominant enough to win a majority of seats. This was the situation in Canada in the 2004, 2006 and 2008 general elections, with no party winning a majority, in part because of the Bloc Québécois` dominance in the province of Quebec. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples recognized the urgent need to respect and promote national rights as set out in treaties, agreements and other constructive agreements with states.
He also noted that, in some situations, the rights reaffirmed in treaties, agreements and other constructive agreements between States and indigenous peoples are matters of international interest, responsibility and nature. In many cases, minority law treaties provided for arbitration and the International Court of Justice was responsible for resolving disputes. The Polish Treaty (which was signed in June 1919 as the first of the minority treaties and serves as a model for subsequent treaties) is often referred to as either a small Treaty of Versailles or a Polish Treaty on Minorities; Austrian, Czechoslovakian and Yugoslav treaties are called treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919); the Romanian Treaty as the Treaty of Paris (1919), the Greek Treaty of Sevres (1920); Hungarian as treaty of Trianon (1920), Bulgarian as Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine (1919) and Turkey under the Treaty of Lausanne (1923).  In most of the above cases, minority contracts were only one of many sections of the aforementioned treaties.