The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international treaty to prevent species from being threatened or endangered as a result of international trade. In accordance with this treaty, countries cooperate to regulate international trade in animal and plant species and to ensure that this trade does not harm the survival of wild populations. Any trade in protected plant and animal species should be sustainable and based on sound biological understanding and principles. Still others suggested that a new global treaty could be negotiated, specifically aimed at preventing a new Zoonian pandemic. While we believe that the ideal approach to minimize the risk of another animal-borne pandemic would be the creation of a global agreement on human, animal and wild health at the local, national and international level, we recognize that some of the proposed emergency measures are focused on the use of CITES and its existing infrastructure. From 2005 to 2009, trade was consistent with these figures (b) in the number and nature of authorizations and certificates issued; The states with which such trade took place; the number or quantity and species of specimens, the names of the species in Appendix I, II and III and, if applicable, the size and sex of the specimens concerned. CITES was designed by subjecting the international trade in specimens of selected species to specific controls. All imports, exports, re-exports and introductions of species covered by the agreement must be authorised by a licensing system. Under Article IX of the Convention, the administrative and scientific authorities designate each of the contracting parties to the agreement one or more management authorities responsible for the management of this licensing system and one or more scientific authorities to advise them on the impact of trade on the status of species on the CITES list. Such an endorsement could be created to implement the original language of CITES and impose a new obligation on CITES parties to regulate the trade in wild animals, in particular to reduce the risk of zoonoses spreading through international trade. The original text of CITES would certainly remain immune from any adverse changes, while the addendum could provide a specific mandate for international trade in specimens, with an emphasis on the risk of zoonotic disease. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, often referred to as CITES (SIGH-teez), is an agreement between governments that regulates international trade in wildlife and wildlife products, live animals and plants for food, leather goods and jewellery.
It came into force in 1975 to ensure that international trade does not jeopardize the survival of plants and wildlife. Considering also that international cooperation is essential to the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora from excessive exploitation due to international trade; Convinced that appropriate measures are urgently needed to this end, agreed: recognising that peoples and States are and should be the best protectors of their wildlife; 3.